Women and men from all walks of life experience sexual harassment at work. In particular, too little research has focused on gender differences in sexual harassment charges, and how gender may play a role in where claims arise and who is targeted. A deeper understanding of the different experiences of women and men and the role of gender in the occurrence of sexual harassment may help pinpoint specific problems and areas where targeted interventions are most needed. The public discourse often discusses sexual harassment as a problem that primarily confronts women.
Women in Male-Dominated Industries and Occupations: Quick Take
Gender Matters - Center for American Progress
The gains women have made over the past several decades in labor force participation , wages and access to more lucrative positions have strengthened their position in the American workforce. Even so, there is gender imbalance in the workplace, and women who report that their workplace has more men than women have a very different set of experiences than their counterparts in work settings that are mostly female or have an even mix of men and women. The survey — conducted in , prior to the recent outcry about sexual harassment by men in prominent positions — found that women employed in majority-male workplaces are more likely to say their gender has made it harder for them to get ahead at work, they are less likely to say women are treated fairly in personnel matters, and they report experiencing gender discrimination at significantly higher rates. Among women, responses vary significantly depending on the gender balance at their workplace.
Causes of Sexual Harassment. In order to understand why women endure the vast majority of sexual harassment, it is important to look at some of the underlying causes of this phenomenon. Violence and Male Self-Perception. The relationship between the sexes in many countries around the world includes a considerable amount of violence against women. Data about the United States, for example, indicate that one out of every ten women are raped or sexually assaulted during their lives, while more than half of all women living with men have experienced a battering or similar incident of domestic violence.
NCBI Bookshelf. This chapter reviews the information gathered through decades of sexual harassment research. It provides definitions of key terms that will be used throughout the report, establishing a common framework from the research literature and the law for discussing these issues. In reviewing what sexual harassment research has learned over time, the chapter also examines the research methods for studying sexual harassment and the appropriate methods for conducting this research in a reliable way.